Automating virtual machine builds in My Home Lab (2023)

Automating virtual machine builds in My HomeLab

Content Library Templates

For the past several years I have had unfortunate circumstances where power issues or something else caused hardware failures resulting in some sort of corrupted data in my home lab. I swore to myself that the next time this happened, I would create a script that would help me redeploy and configure my installation, specifically my Horizon environment.

(Video) Best Home Lab Automation Tools! Packer, Terraform, PowerShell, and Ansible

Well, I found that moment again when I lost two drives on my three node vSAN NUCs. It's not vSAN's fault that I bought cheap spinning disks or waited too long to change the first disk that failed. But I've always treated my NUCs as disposable environments that I can move up and down at any time. My main Dell T710 hosts my vCenter, one of my domain controllers (plus DNS), my main Win10 jumpbox, and a small Ubuntu host to play with other stuff. My NUCs are really where I built vROps, vRLI, and my VDI environments.

My first step was to create a new content library for the NUCs and create three VM templates for the needs of 1) Windows 10, 2) Server 2019 Standard, and 3) Windows 2019 Datacenter. After installing the ISOs and creating the necessary patches, I did a Google search to learn how to use Powershell to remotely update these VMs so I could automate this on a monthly basis. The following script is what I found. Microsoft prefers remote hosts and clients to be in the same domain. In my case, I follow best practices and keep my models outside of the domain so I don't have to deal with trust issues later. You must first create this self-signed certificate and Windows Remote Management Services to use HTTPS as the transport mechanism. The commented lines are for the PowerShell host where you need to import the newly created self-signed certificates into the certificate store.

# Unten auf Remote-/Template-VMs$Cert = New-SelfSignedCertificate -CertstoreLocation Cert: \LocalMachine \My -DnsName $env:COMPUTERNAMEmkdir c:\tempExport-Certificate -Cert $Cert -FilePath C:\temp\$env:COMPUTERNAMEEnable-PSRemoting -SkipNetworkProfileCheck -Forcedir wsman:\localhost\listenerGet-ChildItem WSMan:\Localhost\ oyente | Onde -Chaves de propriedade -eq "Transporte=HTTP" | Remove-Item -RecurseRemove-Item -Pfad WSMan:\Localhost\Listener\Listener* -RecurseNew-Item -Pfad WSMan:\LocalHost\Listener -Transport HTTPS -Dirección * -CertificateThumbPrint $Cert.Thumbprint –ForceNew-NetFirewallRule -DisplayName "Windows Administración remota (HTTPS-In)" -Nombre "Administración remota de Windows (HTTPS-In)" -Perfil Cualquiera -LocalPort 5986 -Protocol TCPSet-Item WSMan:\localhost\Service\EnableCompatibilityHttpsListener -Value trueSet-NetConnectionProfile -NetworkCategory PrivateDisable-NetFirewallRule - DisplayName "Gerenciamento remoto de Windows (HTTP-In)"# Abaixo no Powershell de Gerenciamento de Cliente/Host# Import-Certificate -Filepath "S:\certs\DESKTOP-KPQJPMS" -CertStoreLocation "Cert:\LocalMachine\Root"# Import -Certificate - Filepath "S:\certs\WIN-1DBMFPA2ND2" -CertStoreLocation "Cert:\LocalMachine\Root"# Import-Certificate -Filepath "S:\certs\WIN-93OI9TU9IFP" -CertStoreLocation "Cert:\LocalMachine\Root"

I have now created the Windows Task Scheduler on my PowerShell host which I will use later with the invoke command to trigger the Windows update startup task to check, update and reboot. I then exported this task so I don't have to manually set it up again, and I can use the above part of the script to automatically create the import for me (that's the first commented out line). Then I create my variables for the three virtual machines that we will use as templates in the content library, which we will actually delete each month and load the new virtual machines. However, by setting the same name each time, I can create other scripts, e.g. B. Automate the deployment of my Horizon Connection Servers. I always add how I create my credential (.cred) files, but comment them out so I can easily repeat these tasks when I'm done rebuilding my PowerShell host.

# This script requires a configuration of the Task Scheduler instance to download and install Windows patches. This is due to the current security policy that you cannot download anything during a remote session. So create this for each new master image, which can be done # once, export to a file share, and run this command so it's the same on each VM. Scripts\Download Windows Updates.xml" /tn "Windows Download and Install Updates" /ru "Administrator" /rp "yourpassword"# # For Windows 10, make sure Windows Remote Management Windows is running as a service and is configured to start automatically master VM image In my case my home lab NUCs are slow disks so # the default 5 minutes was not long enough and would throw an error, but the task would complete in vCenter # Set-PowerCLIConfiguration - WebOperationTimeoutSeconds - 1 and restart the PowerShell window " # VM-Name$Server2019STD = "Server2019-STD" # Content Library Item Name$Server2019STDVM = "Server2019-Standard" # VM-Name$Win10GI = "Win10-Gold -Image" # Content Library Item Name$Win10GIVM = "Win10 -IC -Parent" # VM Name$contentlibrary = "NUC-ContentLibrary"$cluster = "vSAN-Cluster"$vmhost = "jw-esx-01"$vmfolder = "Template -Master s"# I leave these processes in mine Scripts so that I can create the credentials file on the new PS host if necessary, but leave the lines commented out except for the required import line Export-Clixml -path S:\scripts\ localcred.cred$localcred = Import-Clixml -path S : \scripts\localcred.cred# Store vCenter credentials - only needs to be run once to create the .cred file.# $credential = Get-Credential # Can be a service account or a domain user # $credential | Export-Clixml -path S:\scripts\jw-vcenter.cred# Import file cred$credential = import-clixml -path S:\scripts\jw-vcenter.cred#endregion#region Let's get started!# Connect to vCenter credsWrite - Host saved "Connecting to $vc"connect-viserver -Server $vc -Credential $credential# Get a list of virtual machines based on folders in vCenter$vmservers=get-vm -location(Get-Folder -Name Template -Masters)$ server virtual machine | select Name | export-csv s:\scripts\templates-masters.csv -NoTypeInformation$servers = import-csv s:\scripts\templates-masters.csv | Select -ExpandProperty nameWrite-Host "Starting $servers at $vc"Start-VM -VM $serversfunction Start-Sleep($seconds) { $doneDT = (Get-Date).AddSeconds($seconds) while($doneDT -gt ( Get-Date)) { $secondsLeft = $doneDT.Subtract((Get-Date)).TotalSeconds $percent = ($seconds - $secondsLeft) / $seconds * 100 Write-Progress -Activity "Sleep..." -Status " Powering on the virtual machines..." -SecondsRemaining $secondsLeft -PercentComplete $percent [System.Threading.Thread]::Sleep(500) } Write-Progress -Activity "Waiting..." -Status "Allow the VM to start operating system.. " - SecondsRemaining 0 -Completed}# Suspend for 5 minutes to give the operating system time to adjust. Start-Sleep 300Get-VM -Location (Get-Folder -Name Template-Masters) | Choose Name, @{N="IP Address";E={@($_.guest.IPAddress[0])}} | Format-Table -HideTableHeaders# IPs for the master images used for templates: You may want to reserve the IP and MAC so they don't change in the future. $IP1 = (Get-VM -Name $Server2019DCVM | Choose @{N= " IP ";E={@($_.guest.IPAddress[0])}} | Format-Table -HideTableHeaders | Out-String) . Trim()$HostName1 = (Get-VM -Name $Server2019DCVM | Select @ { N ='FQDN';E={$_.ExtensionData.Guest.IPStack[0].DnsConfig.HostName}} | Format-Table - HideTableHeaders | Out-String).Trim()$IP2 = (Get-VM - Name $Win10GIVM | Select @{N="IP";E={@($_.guest.IPAddress[0])}} | Format - Table -HideTableHeaders | Out-String).Trim()$HostName2 = (Get - VM -Name $Win10GIVM | Select @{N='FQDN';E={$_.ExtensionData.Guest.IPStack[0].DnsConfig . HostName}} | Format-Table -HideTableHeaders | Out-String).Trim( ) $IP3 = (Get-VM -Name $Server2019STDVM | Select @{N="IP";E={@($_.guest.IPAddress [0])}} | Format-Table -HideTableHeaders | Out-String) Trim ()$HostName3 = (Get-VM -Name $Server2019STDVM | Select @{N='FQDN';E={$_.ExtensionData .Guest .IPStack[0].DnsConfig.HostName}} |Format Table -HideTableHeaders|Out-String).Trim()Add-HostFileEntry -hostname $Hostname1 -ipaddress $I P1Add-HostFileEntry -hostname $Hostname2 -ipaddress $IP2Add-HostFileEntry -hostname $Hostname3 -ipaddress $IP3#endregion Est Or is it just the beginning. .invoke-command -ComputerName $Hostname1 -scriptblock {get-windowsupdate} -UseSSL -Credential $localcredinvoke-command -ComputerName $Hostname2 -scriptblock {get -windowsupdate} -UseSSL -Credential $localcredinvoke-command -ComputerName $Hostname3 -scriptblock {get -windowsupdate} -UseSSL -Credential $localcred#region Let's update the first master image... Write-Host "Connecting to $Server2019DCVM and running Task Scheduler to download and install the latest updates." Invoke-Command -ComputerName $ Hostname1 -ScriptBlock {schtasks /Query /TN "Download and Install Windows Updates" Install-Module -Name PSWindowsUpdat e -Confirm:$false -ForceGet-WindowsUpdateStart-Sched uledTa sk -TaskName Function "Download and Install Windows Updates" Start-Sleep($seconds) { $doneDT = (Get-Date).AddSeconds($seconds) while($doneDT - gt (Get-Date)) { $secondsLeft = $ doneDT.Subtract((Get- Date)).TotalSeconds $percent = ($seconds - $seconds remaining) / $seconds * 100 Write-Progress -Activity "Sleep..." -Status "Waiting for Windows update installation..." -SecondsRemaining $seconds remaining -PercentComplete $percent [System.Threading.Thread]::Sleep(500) } Write-Progress -Activity "Sleep..." -Status "Applying new patches and updates..." -SecondsRemaining 0 -Completed }Start- Sleep 600} -UseSSL -Credential $localcred#endregion#region Here is the second master image... Write-Host "Connect to $Win10GIVM and run the task scheduler to download and install the latest updates". Invoke-Command -ComputerName $Hostname2 -ScriptBlock {Start-Sleep -Seconds 5schtasks /Query /TN "Download and install Windows updates" Install-Module -Name PSWindowsUpdat e -Confirm:$false -ForceGet-WindowsUpdateStart-Schedul edTask -TaskName Download and install Windows Updates feature Start-Sleep($seconds) { $doneDT = (Get-Date).AddSeconds($seconds) while($doneDT -gt ( Get-Date)) { $secondsLeft = $doneDT.Subtract ((Get-Date)).TotalSeconds $percent = ($seconds - $secondsLeft) / $seconds * 100 Write-Progress -Activity " Sleeping.." -Status " Waiting for Windows updates to install..." -SecondsRemaining $secondsLeft -PercentComplete $percent [System.Threading.Thread]::Sleep(500) } Write-Progress -Activity "Sleep..." -Status "New Applying patches and updates..." -SecondsRemaining 0 -Completed }Start- Sleep 600} -UseSSL -Credential $localcred#endregion#region Last master imageWrite-Host "Connect to $Server2019STDVM and run the Task Scheduler to download and install the latest updates." Invoke-Command -ComputerName $Hostname3 -ScriptBlock {Start-Sleep -seconds 5schtasks /Query /TN "Current Updates Download and install Windows Updates"Install-Module -Name PSWindowsUpdate -Confirm:$false -ForceGet-WindowsUpdateStart-ScheduledTask -TaskName Function "Download and install Windows updates" Start-Sleep($seconds) { $doneDT = (Get-Date) . AddSeconds($seconds) while($done DT -gt(Get-Date)) { $secondsremaining = $done DT. Subtract((Get-Date)).TotalSeconds $percent = ($seconds - $seconds remaining) / $seconds * 100 Write progress -Activity "Sleeping..." -State "Waiting for Windows updates to be installed. .." -SecondsRemaining $ secondLeft -PercentComplete $percent [System.Threading.Thread]::Sleep(500) } Write-Progress -Activity "Sleep..." -Status "Applying new patches and updates..." -SecondsRemaining 0 -Completed}Start-Sleep 600 } -UseSSL -Credential $localcred#endregion#region Now restart the virtual machines. Sleep 600#endregion#region Now shut down the VMs..# Shutdown VMsWrite-Host "Shutdown $servers on $vc.."Shutdown-VMGuest -VM $servers -Confirm:$falsefunction Start-Sleep($seconds) { $ doneDT = (Get-Date).A ddSeconds($seconds) while($doneDT -gt (Get-Date)) { $secondsLeft = $doneDT.Subtract((Get-Date)).TotalSeconds $percent = ($seconds - $seconds remaining ) / $seconds * 100 Write -Progress -Activity "Sleep..." -State "The operating system is shutting down..." -SecondsRemaining $seconds remaining -PercentComplete $percent [System.Threading.Thread]::Sleep (500) } Write -Progress -Activity "Sleep. ." -Status "Waiting for virtual machines to complete the shutdown process safely..." -SecondsRemaining 0 -Completed}Start-Sleep 300 # Allow enough time for the operating system to shut down safely.#endregion#region Now update the content catalog # You must first have Remove Original VM Templates as there is no update function for VMs -ContentLibraryItem -ContentLibrary $ContentLibrary -Name $Server2019DC -VM $Server2019DCV M -Location $vmhost -VMTemplate -InventoryLocation $ vmfolderNew-ContentLibraryItem -ContentLibrary $ContentLibrary -Name $ Servidor2019STD -VM $Servidor2019STDVM -VMTemplate -Ubicación $vmhost $mfolder-Ubicación ContentLibraryItem -ContentLibrary $ContentLibrary -Nombre $Win10GIVM -Win10GIVM -Win10GIVM VMTemplate -Ubicación $vmhost -InventoryLocation $vmfolder#endregion

Think about the futureTAM YouTube LabSeries in which I will review these scripts. I can take a screenshot and speed up the video to demonstrate how well it works.

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(Video) Building a Home Lab Part 1: First Virtual Machine


How do you automate a virtual machine? ›

  1. Deploy a VM by installing the operating system manually from an ISO image or downloading a qcow2 image from a trusted source. ...
  2. Power on the VM.
  3. Install the cloud-init package.
  4. Seal the VM to prepare it for deployment as a template.
  5. Power off the VM.
  6. Create a template (I cover templates in more detail below).
Jul 31, 2020

Which VM is best for home lab? ›

VMWare. VMware is the best virtualization software for a home lab because it is easy to use and provides a high level of performance. VMware allows multiple operating systems to be installed on a single machine, making it ideal for testing different software versions.

How do I make a virtual home lab? ›

Next, right-click the machine you're wanting to manage, go to network, and then switch the interface to host-only mode. You can also create your own host-only virtual network in virtualbox by hitting file, and then hitting host network manager. Spicy. Just like that, we have ourselves a virtual home lab.

How much RAM is enough for virtual machine? ›

You can run 3 or 4 basic virtual machines on a host that has 4GB of RAM, though you'll need more resources for more virtual machines. On the other end of the spectrum, you can also create large virtual machines with 32 processors and 512GB RAM, depending on your physical hardware.

How much RAM do I need for home lab? ›

Requirements and Recommendations minimum: A computer must have a compatible x86-64 CPU. 4 cores CPU. 32 GB of RAM.

How much RAM do I need to set up a virtual machine? ›

RAM Sizing for Specific Workloads and Operating Systems

A good starting point is to allocate 1GB for 32-bit Windows 7 or later desktops and 2GB for 64-bit Windows 7 or later desktops. If you want to use one of the hardware accelerated graphics features for 3D workloads, VMware recommends 2 virtual CPUs and 4GB of RAM.

What do you need to build a Homelab? ›

How to build a Network Home Lab
  1. Cisco. Licensing. Switches. Routers.
  2. Servers. PC / Laptop. Decommissioned Servers. Remote Management. Intel NUC. Raspberry Pi. CPU and Memory requirements.
  3. Console / Terminal Server.
  4. Power Distribution Unit (PDU)
  5. UPS.
  6. Topology. Physical. Logical. Cabling.
  7. Server Rack.
  8. Buying.

Is VMware free for home use? ›

VMware Workstation Player is free for personal, non-commercial use (business and nonprofit use is considered commercial use). If you would like to learn about virtual machines or use them at home, you are welcome to use VMware Workstation Player for free.

How can I make a lab at home? ›

Rad Labs at Home: 10 tips for setting up a home-science lab for...
  1. First things first. ...
  2. Prepare a space and make good use of the whatever space they have! ...
  3. Ensure there is proper ventilation and an easy exit from the lab. ...
  4. Plan out your science activities. ...
  5. Gather the science supplies. ...
  6. Use a laboratory notebook.

What is a virtual home lab? ›

In case you have never heard the term, Homelab is the name given to a server (or multiple server setup) that resides locally in your home and where you host several applications and virtualized systems for testing and developing or for home and functional usage.

Can you build your own laboratory? ›

If you really enjoy doing chemistry experiments, it might be a good idea to build your own lab at home. It is essential that you do everything safely and obtain chemical supplies in an appropriate way. There are a lot of factors that go into choosing the correct space and deciding what instruments you will need.

Can you create your own computer laboratory? ›

Building a computer lab takes time and effort, but is not very difficult once you have everything in one place. With a little work, you can build a low-cost computer lab out of old donated computers.

What are the 3 common uses of home automation? ›

The most common applications of home automation are lighting control, HVAC, outdoor lawn irrigation, kitchen appliances, and security systems.

What is an example of home automation? ›

Automatic door locks

Sensors can detect your smart phone when you arrive at your home and automatically unlock your front door or open your garage for you. Unlocking your front door or garage can also activate a variety of other systems such as lights, music, and heating.

What is a simple example of automation? ›

Common examples include household thermostats controlling boilers, the earliest automatic telephone switchboards, electronic navigation systems, or the most advanced algorithms behind self-driving cars.

What is the simplest automation? ›

The simplest form of automation is setting up workflows and support automation. Workflows are crucial in business because they help automate tasks, processes, and approvals. They can also be used to manage and monitor projects.

What is the simplest type of automation? ›

While the simplest forms of automation, i.e. rules-based RPA, require clear instructions, data quantities and quality are less important. But as organizations seek to introduce more sophisticated, cognitive technologies, the quantity and quality of data they use becomes a vital priority.

What is the best automation tool? ›

Postman. Postman is one of the most widely-used automation testing tools for API. It allows users to write different kinds of tests, from functional, and integration to regression tests, and execute them automatically in CI/CD pipelines via the command line.

How many virtual machines can I run on 16GB RAM? ›

As a general rule it's probably best to give every instance of Windows 10/11 4GB of memory, that includes the host OS so you could run 3 VM's with 16GB of RAM. If your host OS is only going to be used to run VM's then you can use Windows server core and that will run happily with just 2GB.

How many virtual machines can I run on 64gb RAM? ›

This completely depends on the resources you provide to your VM's. The answer could be 1 or 100, all dependent on what you give to each VM.

Can my PC run a virtual machine? ›

Virtual Machine Requirements

You generally must have a fast enough processor, enough RAM and a big enough hard drive to install the system and application software you want to run, just as you would if you were installing it directly on your physical machine.

Is 16GB RAM enough for data science? ›

For data science applications and workflows, 16GB of RAM is recommended. If you're looking to train large complex models locally, HP offers configurations of up to 128GB of blazing-fast DDR5 RAM.

Do I need 16GB RAM for coding? ›

The more you have, the smoother your programming and overall computer usage experience will be, and the more you can run at once. However, if you are on a budget, a computer with 8GB or 16GB should be more than enough for programming. As always, happy coding!

Is 16GB RAM enough for home use? ›

Generally, we recommend 8GB of RAM for casual computer usage and internet browsing, 16GB for spreadsheets and other office programs, and at least 32GB for gamers and multimedia creators.

How many cores should I give my VM? ›

Virtual machines

A general rule of thumb is to run four virtual CPU (vCPU) VMs per physical core, but again, specific workloads may have differing requirements. Don't allocate your physical cores entirely with vCPUs.

What is the optimal virtual memory size for 8gb RAM? ›

To calculate the "general rule" recommended size of virtual memory in Windows 10 per the 8 GB your system has, here's the equation 1024 x 8 x 1.5 = 12288 MB. So it sounds as if the 12 GB configured in your system currently is correct so when or if Windows needs to utilize the virtual memory, the 12 GB should suffice.

Can a virtual machine use all cores? ›

The maximum number of processor cores that can be assigned to a single VM is 768 in vSphere 7.0 Update 1. A virtual machine cannot use more CPU cores than the number of logical processor cores on a physical machine.

What is the point of a home lab? ›

A home lab is essentially a compounded system that connects all your devices. Thus, creating an environment for you to experiment and build new projects at the comfort of your home!

Why build a Homelab? ›

While you can often practice IT skills using your main computer, your laptop, or your desktop that you use every day, setting up a lab helps to keep things separate and provides flexibility and versatility as well As you learn new things and develop your skills to apply in other settings.

How do you design a lab layout? ›

How to Design an Optimal Laboratory Layout
  1. Pre-Planning On-Site. ...
  2. Meet with Researchers & Stakeholders. ...
  3. List Equipment & Materials. ...
  4. Account for Storage. ...
  5. Design for Flexibility. ...
  6. Consider Comfort. ...
  7. Safety First. ...
  8. Building Security.
Nov 20, 2020

Is Microsoft virtual machine free? ›

All current generation Virtual Machines include load balancing and auto-scaling at no cost.

What is the difference between virtual machine and VMware? ›

VirtualBox supports software virtualization, while VMware doesn't. Software virtualization emulates a complete computer system and runs guests on top of it. This type of virtualization allows you to run virtual machines that use a different platform than the host.

How can I create a virtual machine for free? ›

Step 1: Log in to your Microsoft Azure account. Step 2: Now search for Free services in the given search bar. Step 3: Select the Create option under the Windows Virtual Machine section in order to create a Windows VM.

Can lab work be done at home? ›

Many at-home testing companies provide at-home lab appointments that you, your healthcare professional, or your caregiver can schedule online. Depending on the service, a certified mobile phlebotomist may come to your home to draw blood.

What do you need to set up a laboratory? ›

The laboratory space must have:
  1. Impervious and chemically resistant work surfaces;
  2. A sink; two sinks if you are using radioactive material;
  3. Safety shower (if hazardous chemicals are used);
  4. Eye-wash station (if hazardous chemicals and/or biological material is used);
Sep 30, 2019

What are the advantages and disadvantages of virtual labs? ›

Will not
Advantages of virtual laboratoriesDisadvantages of virtual laboratories
Enhances students' enthusiasm for learning through interactivityPhysical, practical skills that are expected of an engineer are not honed
Increase students' IT literacy
8 more rows
Dec 15, 2015

What are the types of virtual labs? ›

There are three kinds of virtual labs:
  • Remote Triggered Labs.
  • Measurement Based Labs.
  • Simulation/ Modeling Based Labs.
Jul 28, 2022

How do you run a successful lab? ›

Let me offer the following five lessons about running a successful laboratory:
  1. Create a clear culture. ...
  2. Hire well. ...
  3. Empower people. ...
  4. Hold people accountable. ...
  5. Err on the side of generosity.
Feb 10, 2015

What is the cost to start a laboratory? ›

Q: What is the cost of setting up a medical laboratory? Ans: As a rough estimation, you'll need approx ₹2.8 lakhs for a small-scale lab and around ₹18.5 lakhs for a mid-sized one.

How much does it cost to build a small laboratory? ›

We have seen in our region that lab construction costs can range from a low of $350 up to $1325 per square foot. Unfortunately, there is no one formula, and each lab use and building needs to be evaluated individually. Understanding your client's processes and requirements is a critical first step in lab pricing.

What are the two types of computer laboratory? ›

A computer lab comes in several configurations: the most common are the "U" shape and the square models. The "U" or square configurations allow the teacher to monitor student activity.

What software is designed to make labs more efficient and effective? ›

A Laboratory Information Management System (LIMS) allows you to effectively manage the flow of samples and associated data to improve lab efficiency. A LIMS helps standardize workflows, tests and procedures while providing accurate controls of the process.

How are computers connected in a computer lab? ›

The computers in a school computer lab are linked into a local area network (LAN), which allows individual users to share resources.

How do I run a VMware virtual machine automatically? ›

  1. Right-click Shared VMs/Server Name/IP Address.
  2. Select Manage AutoStart VMs.
  3. Select the virtual machines that you want to auto start.
  4. Set the delay that you want for the virtual machine in the Delay between starting each virtual machine (in seconds) option available at the bottom of the window.
Sep 24, 2018

What is VM in automation? ›

The vm-automation repository is a Python library that encapsulates existing methodologies for virtual machine and hypervisor automation and provides a platform-agnostic Python API.

Can you autopilot a virtual machine? ›

To get started with Windows Autopilot, you should try it out with a virtual machine (VM). You can also use a physical device that will be wiped and then have a fresh install of Windows 10. In this article, you'll learn how to set up a Windows Autopilot deployment for a VM using Hyper-V.

What can be automated in VMware? ›

Cloud automation using software like the VMware Aria Suite from VMware automates the provisioning and ongoing management and operations of private or hybrid clouds, including code testing, web server configuration, version control, and data center administration.

How much RAM should I have to smoothly run a virtual machine? ›

A good starting point is to allocate 1GB for 32-bit Windows 7 or later desktops and 2GB for 64-bit Windows 7 or later desktops. If you want to use one of the hardware accelerated graphics features for 3D workloads, VMware recommends 2 virtual CPUs and 4GB of RAM.

Can you run a virtual machine with any operating system? ›

Once you have set up a host machine and a host operating system, you can run nearly any OS of your choosing in a virtual machine. The majority of virtual machine programs will walk you through the process of creating a virtual machine and installing a guest OS using the operating system's installation disc.

What is required for a virtual machine to run? ›

Virtual Machine Requirements

You generally must have a fast enough processor, enough RAM and a big enough hard drive to install the system and application software you want to run, just as you would if you were installing it directly on your physical machine.

What are the two types of virtual machine? ›

Users can choose from two different types of virtual machines—process VMs and system VMs: A process virtual machine allows a single process to run as an application on a host machine, providing a platform-independent programming environment by masking the information of the underlying hardware or operating system.

What is a virtual machine and how is it used? ›

A virtual machine (VM) is a digital version of a physical computer. Virtual machine software can run programs and operating systems, store data, connect to networks, and do other computing functions, and requires maintenance such as updates and system monitoring.

What is a virtual machine and how does it work? ›

A virtual machine is an application that emulates a whole computer and runs inside your physical computer. It works as a separate independent machine, but it runs as a process on your host operating system. It's a convenient way to dedicate a portion of your computer resources to a specific task or software.

Can a hacker hack a virtual machine? ›

Is Your VM Safe From Hackers? It's certainly possible for a virtual machine to become compromised, especially if you access it on a mobile device in a place with public Wi-Fi. Just like all devices going on a public Wi-Fi system, hackers could infiltrate your OS if not taking proper security measures.

What are the three types of autopilot? ›

Planes; can have three different types of autopilot software: one-axis, two-axis, and three-axis. The next-generation aircraft can be guided by improved three-axis autopilots. New generation autopilots can also direct the yaw by controlling the rudder along with rotation and reclining movements.

What are the 3 basic components of an autopilot system? ›

The attitude and directional gyros, the turn coordinator, and an altitude control are the autopilot sensing elements. These units sense the movements of the aircraft.

What are the 5 basic components of an automated system? ›

Each of these subsystems consists of only five basic components: (1) action element, (2) sensing mechanism, (3) control element, (4) decision element, and (5) program. Action elements are those parts of an automated system that provide energy to achieve the desired task or goal.

Can you give an example of an automated system? ›

Common examples include household thermostats controlling boilers, the earliest automatic telephone switchboards, electronic navigation systems, or the most advanced algorithms behind self-driving cars.

What are some common tasks of automated build? ›

Build automation is the process of automating the retrieval of source code, compiling it into binary code, executing automated tests, and publishing it into a shared, centralized repository.


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